Greenfield, Indiana

Greenfield is a city in Hancock County, Indiana, United States, and is part of the Indianapolis metropolitan area. The population was 20,602 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Hancock County, and lies in Center Township.
Greenfield was a stop along the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad that connected Pittsburgh to Chicago and St. Louis.


Hancock County was created on March 1, 1828, and named for John Hancock, the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence. The town of Greenfield was chosen as the county seat on April 11, 1828. The Commissioners announced, “The seat of Justice of Hancock County shall be known and designated by the name and title of Greenfield.” The population of the county at that time was 400.
Early settlers built along the two creeks which flow south through Center Township, which includes Greenfield. The first businesses were small grist mills for grinding corn and wheat for settlers.
U.S. 40, the National Road, was built through Hancock County around 1835. It was heavily traveled by wagon trains going west and livestock going to Cincinnati. In 1853, the first steam railroad was completed by the Indiana Central Railroad at the south edge of Greenfield. The railroad became part of the Pennsylvania Railroad System and later the Penn-Central. These tracks were removed in the 1980s.
During this time, Greenfield’s population continued to grow. Greenfield was incorporated as a city in 1876 with a population of 2,023. The greatest single period of growth began in 1887 when natural gas was discovered in the area. Greenfield was a boom town for 20 years, with the founding of manufacturing plants and other industries.
A statue of James Whitcomb Riley, which stands in front of the Hancock County Courthouse, was erected in 1918. It was purchased with money donated by school children from all over the United States. Each year, during the Riley Festival in October, the city’s school children parade to the statue to place flowers around it.


Greenfield is located at 39°47′29″N 85°46′17″W (39.791338, -85.771343).
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 12.66 square miles (32.8 km2), of which 12.55 square miles (32.5 km2) (or 99.13%) is land and 0.11 square miles (0.28 km2) (or 0.87%) is water.
Located on the east side of historic downtown lies Riley Park, in which flows the Brandywine River.

Historical populations

Census Pop. %±
1900 4,489

1910 4,448 −0.9%
1920 4,168 −6.3%
1930 4,188 0.5%
1940 4,821 15.1%
1950 6,159 27.8%
1960 9,049 46.9%
1970 9,986 10.4%
1980 11,288 13.0%
1990 11,657 3.3%
2000 14,600 25.2%
2010 20,602 41.1%



As of the census of 2000, there were 14,600 people, 5,917 households, and 4,017 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,818.0 people per square mile (702.0/km²). There were 6,449 housing units at an average density of 803.0 per square mile (310.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.23% White, 0.05% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.
There were 5,917 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $72,035, and the median income for a family was $82,408. Males had a median income of $66,188 versus $56,568 for females. The per capita income for the city was $52,509. About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.


The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in citywide vote. The city council consists of seven members. Five are elected from individual districts. Two are elected at-large.


Greenfield-Central Community School Corporation services the city of Greenfield and surrounding areas in central Hancock County. It consists of four elementary schools (Grades K – 3), two intermediate schools (Grades 4 – 6), one junior high school (Grades 7 – 8), and one high school (Grades 9 – 12). Greenfield Central Junior High School was built in the late 2000s to accommodate Greenfield’s rapidly growing population. Greenfield-Central High School also has undergone renovation in 2011.

List of schools -

Greenfield-Central Community School Corporation
Eden Elementary School
Harris Elementary School
J.B. Stephens Elementary School
Weston Elementary School
Greenfield Intermediate School
Maxwell Intermediate School
Greenfield Central Jr. High School
Greenfield-Central High School
St. Michael’s School also serves Greenfield, offering Pre-kindergarten through Grade 8. It is a private Catholic School that won the Blue Ribbon Award.


Businesses with headquarters and/or significant operations in Greenfield include:
Cynthia’s Hallmark Stores: operates four Hallmark retail stores in Central Indiana; the company’s Greenfield location is the single largest in the U.S.
Elanco: a division of Eli Lilly and Company that manufactures animal health products, including feed additives and pet medicines.
Novelty, Inc.: the largest non-food distributor east of the Mississippi River markets and distributes novelty items for convenience stores.
GasAmerica Services Inc., operates filling stations and convenience stores throughout Indiana and Ohio.
Keihin Indiana Precision Technology: a subsidiary of Honda Motor that manufactures automotive components including intake manifolds, engine control units, and throttle bodies.
Indiana Automotive Fasteners: manufactures fasteners for automotive OEMs including Toyota, Ford and Honda.
Covance: engaged in research, development, and testing of pharmaceutical products. This facility was operated by Eli Lilly and Company until 2008.
Avery Dennison: manufactures a variety of adhesive labels and adhesive backed films.
Irving Materials Inc: Main Office and base of operations are in Greenfield. Ready Mix Concrete supplier for Central Indiana.
Hancock Regional Hospital is a full-service community hospital with a focus on primary care, patient comfort, and convenience.

Sister / Friendship Cities

Greenfield is currently in a sister city relationship with Kakuda, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. Each year, a small group of high school students from Greenfield and Kakuda are chosen to travel to each sister city, respectively, and will stay with a host family for ten days, most expenses paid, thanks to local donations. The sister city program began in 1990 and continues today. (uncited)

Famous residents

James Whitcomb Riley, born October 7, 1849. His boyhood home is now the Riley Birthplace and Museum.
Will Vawter, John William Vawter, born 1871. Vawter was an American landscape artist and illustrator known for his loose Impressionist style.
Jaycie Phelps, member of the US Women’s gold medal winning 1996 Olympic Gymnastic Team
Mark Dismore, Indy Racing League and Indianapolis 500 driver.
Kyle Gibson, 22nd Overall Pick in 2009 Major League Baseball Draft to Minnesota Twins
Ethan Edwards, classical saxophonist.
Michelle Leigh, stand-up comedian and television writer.
Nathan Norris, State renowned chemical technician and philanthropist
Rev. Charles L. O’Donnell, C.S.C., President of the University of Notre Dame from 1928-1934 & Poet


Each year in October, the city of Greenfield hosts the Riley Festival which is commonly known as Riley Days. The intersections of State Road 9 and US 40 are closed and the downtown courthouse square is filled with vendors and exhibitors.

Greenfield, Indiana

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